Connect with us

Blog

Ethanol : A New Motor Fuel Soon !

Published

on

The inauguration of Omnicane, the new Bio-ethanol Distillery at L’Escalier recently is an important industrial development for our country to produce bio-fuel in order to be used among others to aliment our motor vehicles. In the near future we shall soon see motor vehicles on our roads with a mixture of petrol and ethanol.

However, according to technicians the mixture of petrol-ethanol will be ready this year as the Omnicane distillery needs an extra surplus module to produce ethanol adapted to vehicles’ engines. This could take at least another six months. This refinery has a capacity to produce 24 million of litres annually. Already Rs 1 billion has been injected in this project as part of ‘Maurice Ile Durable’

Produce as from the “bagasse”, the ethanol could be mixed with petrol to compose a fuel. This is done without having to effect changes at the level of the motor engines when the mixture is done at little dose. A highly elevated mixture could require some changes and modifications of the engines.

But Mauritius doesn’t invent things. In 2002, already the world production of ethanol elevated at 22 billions of litres. And the world champion in such production is Brazil. Brazil is the biggest exporters of these products. It is also the country that consumes the more. More than 80% of new vehicles are equipped with engines ‘flex-fuel’ which permit such vehicles to move well with alcohol combustible at the basis of sugar cane than petrol.

If Mauritius had already tried the experience of the production of ethanol with Alcodis, these have been a failure for various reasons. The government has also tested during a short lapse of time the mixture of 10% ethanol and 90% petrol on a dozen of vehicles during several years before, but it was a complete failure. In 2011 it was a question to allow a mixture of 50% ethanol and 50% petrol.

Omnicane Company intends to revive the project, even if a part of his production of ethanol will be exported. This distillery will plan a good system of developing its production and at the same time will try to expand its business.

“ The distillery of bio-ethanol will complete the complex eco-industry of the Bank, comprising an efficient Central Thermique in the production of electricity for the network of CEB and a production of refined sugar for the European market” said Omnicane. They also indicate that “ the putting in operation of a distillery of bio-ethanol as from molasses at the Barak, forms part of Multi Annual Adaptation Strategy 2006-2015. This plan has been elaborated by the government of Mauritius and European Union on the occasion of the Sugar Industry reformation.

Bio-ethanol will reduce the country dependency on imported petrol and will also save foreign exchange which is very important for the country as it can be invested in other fields of development.

It is a pity that producers have not reassured us of the suitability of these new products to the welfare of the country and of its safety measures. Forty years ago some of us still remember how “carburant” we used in vehicles was really explosives and dangerous. Would it be the same wine in a new bottle?

Let us not forget that bio-ethanol or simply ‘ethanol’ is a renewable energy source made by fermenting the sugar and starch components of plant by-products mainly sugar cane and crops like grain, using yeast.

Today, bio-ethanol has many uses. It is blended with petrol to make a truly sustainable transport fuel, its use in cosmetic and other manufacturing processes.

Bio-ethanol fuel is completely composed of biological products. The combustion of bio-ethanol results in a clean emission: Heat, Steam and Carbon Dioxide. Carbin dioxide is absorbed by plants. It is then processed via photosynthesis to help the grow. This infinite cycle of creation and combustion of energy makes bio-ethanol a carbon neutral fuel source.

Bio-ethanol is classified as a Flammable Liquid Class IB ( for Flamability) and Class3 PGII (for Transportation) and is regulated by various standards around the world.

Mauritians must familiarize themselves and comply with these regulations in order to a safety and legally store, handle, decant and use this fuel. We must have also a properly built area for its storage with the maximum security and safety.

AHMAD MACKY

Advertisement

Blog

[Opinion] Interdiction d’arborer le tikka: une aberration!

Published

on

[Opinion] Interdiction d’arborer le tikka: une aberration!

[Opinion] Interdiction d’arborer le tikka: une aberration!

La décision de la direction de l’hôtel The Residence d’interdire aux employées d’arborer le tikka nécessite une réflexion chez nos décideurs politiques, interpeller les dirigeants des partis politiques et suscite des interrogations chez des citoyens. A l’aube de l’émergence de l’industrie touristiques dans les années 70’ résultant à la mise en place de grands groupes hôteliers, à l’instar de la New Mauritius Hotels ( Beachcomber), de Sun Resort, du Club Med, entre autres, les employées avaient les coudées franches de porter les insignes religieux : tikka, sindoor, hijab, mangala sutra, entre autres.

Malgré les balbutiements du secteur de l’hôtellerie, le patronat a perduré avec cette tradition de permettre à leurs employées d’arborer des signes religieux. Cela même après que le secteur ait pris sa vitesse de croisière à la fin des années 80 ou encore entamer une autre étape de son développement à partir de 2000. Il est un fait que les grands patrons de groupes hôteliers, à l’instar d’Herbert Couacaud ( groupe Beachcomer, de Paul Jones (Sun Resorts), de Patrice Hardy (Groupe Naïde) et ceux de moyens et petits établissement hôteliers avaient fait preuve de respect, de tolérance par rapport aux des coutumes et des traditions de toutes les confessions religieuses du pays. Cela dans le but de préserver l’harmonie sociale et de ne pas blesser les susceptibilités des uns et des autres. Leurs successeurs n’ont pas dérogé à cette règle.

Nous ne comprenons pas la démarche et l’entêtement des Singapouriens à la tête de The Résidence de poursuivre dans cette voie conflictuelle.

Or, cette décision portant sur l’interdiction du port de tikka, relevant d’un problème de relations industrielles qui devrait être résolue à l’amiable par l’employeur-employée ou l’employeur-syndicat, est en passe de devenir un enjeu politique.

Outre la Voice of Hindu qui est monté au créneau pour défendre les droits des employés, la Hindu Human Right et et le Hindu Common Front ont poursuivi leur combat dans cette affaire, en organisant un yajña sur la plage en face de The Résidence, hier. Cela dans le but de susciter une prise de conscience nationale sur les excès de zèle du management de l’hôtel

En sus du ministre du Travail, des Relations Industrielles et de l’Emploi, Soodesh Callichurn qui aurait avisé l’employée en question et les autres employées que la direction de l’hôtel est dans l’illégalité. Il y a aussi la ministre de l’Egalité des Genres, Roubina Jaddoo-Jaunboccus qui a fait entendre sa position. Le leader du MMM, Paul Bérenger a insisté pour le respect des droits constitutionnels des employés. Et ce vendredi, la FTU sous la férule d’Atma Shanto prévoit une manifestation en face de l’hôtel à Belle Mare.

Face à ce problème qui est une aberration et qui risque de prendre des proportions alarmantes, il incombe aux autorités suprêmes du pays et autres instance décisionnelles de tirer cette affaire au clair.

Continue Reading

Blog

PRIZON 5 ZETWAL AVIZAZ IMIN

Published

on

PRIZON 5 ZETWAL AVIZAZ IMIN

With such a prison it is quite normal if each month 600 prisoners are welcomed behind the bars. Our prisons have become more attractive than repulsive. It is unimaginable to imagine a country with a population of barely 1.3 millions with so many prisoners. It is really too much for such a small population. If that upward trend is maintained, more prisons will have to be set up to accommodate the growing number of prisoners. It is unbelievable that so many prisoners reoffend just to return behind the bars again. Certain prisoners have been jailed for more than 30 times. We are the only country in the world where prisoners are reluctant to go home after having served their sentences. The recent statistics reveal that 67% of our prisoners after their release relapse deliberately into an offence just to return in prison. Usually a prisoner looks avidly forward to his release and freedom because of the grim conditions of the jail life. «Chez nous, c’est tout le contraire.»

If today our prisons have to make room for 600 prisoners monthly, it is because we have a jail life which is really too soft and generous, where criminal offenders are given a royal treatment with a balanced diet coupled with fish, meat, eggs, chicken, (que du blanc de poulet), fruits and other privileges. According to statistics Mauritius, the State spends some Rs 750 per prisoner daily. The annual budget for the kitchen turns around Rs 51 millions. All these at the expense of tax-payers’ money. Today we have a prison which attracts instead of repels. We adhere too much to the principles of Human Rights.

Can We Reduce The Number Of Prisoners?

Yes, we can, provided there is a political will to do it. The jail life should be reviewed from top to bottom. The «5 star prison à visage humain» must disappear to make room for rigid prisons where the strictest minimum in term of comfort and food is given. Because so long as these criminal offenders are given a royal treatment with a balanced diet, there will not be any let-up in the rate of crime, violence and robbery. Life behind the bars must be keenly felt. The prisoner must feel the pinch of his imprisonment keenly to deter him from re-offending. If the status-quo is maintained, the number of prisoners will definitely jack up.

Law and order should be the basis of a civilized society. The socio-economic development of a country should stand cheek by jowl with its law and order. A country which is aiming at a high income economy like ours must set up the right climate where law and order can prevail to enable people to enjoy their wealth. Today with a society packed with robbers and criminal offenders, the security in the country has fallen to zero. We are heading in the same direction as South Africa where walking with a gold necklace round your neck has become synonymous with courting death.

Death Penalty And The Flogging System

If we want to have a livable society «ou il fait bon vivre», if we want to become the Singapore of the Indian Ocean not only in term of economy but also where security prevails, where people can move about without having to look over their shoulders to see if they are not stalked by danger, we shall have to overlook Human Rights, otherwise we shall be dreaming. If we follow Human Rights literally, we shall be paying a heavy price for it in term of our law and order. We shall have an unlivable society.

We have to set up safeguards against all kinds of violence. The existing laws have to be reviewed and made tougher, the prison life has to be made harsher. A system of bare back-flogging coupled with community work should be introduced for minor offences instead of a light term of imprisonment. Last but not least Capital Punishment should be re-introduced to clamp down on drug-trafficking and the rate of crime.

We have to set up a deterrent to keep down the number of prisoners in our prisons. 600 prisoners monthly «c’est beaucoup trop pour une population de 1.3 millions.» The only way to do it is to shift from a soft and generous jail life to a harsh one.

By Raj Paneken

 

Continue Reading

Blog

THE REALISM : Will Bérenger lead his party again to the slaughter-house in 2019/2020 ?

Published

on

THE REALISM : Will Bérenger lead his party again to the slaughter-house in 2019/2020 ?

By Raj Paneken

   It all depends on the dose of realism Bérenger will evince. With a by-election in the offing along with the General Elections in two years’ time, his Party can emerge either a winner or a loser. With a lack of realism on the part of the Party’s leadership, another iceberg is lying in wait for the Party again. That is why in my last article I wrote that Bérenger has all the time to finalize his list of candidates before they will board the Titanic in 2019/2020. The realism means that we look at things without blinkers. With a good dose of realism, the Party of Bérenger can avoid another political wreck. It is high time that Bérenger comes to terms with the reality. He must stop labouring under the delusion that his Party can face the polls alone and win the elections with him in the driving seat of the country. If he keeps on thinking in this line, he is merely dreaming.

   The MMM has never won a general election alone and will never do it. This is the prevailing reality of the country. Each time Bérenger and his Party had been in the government, it was either in alliance with the MSM or the Labour Party. If he had made history by becoming prime minister of the country (2004-05), it was thanks to Sir Anerood Jugnauth who shared the primeministership of the country with him.

   Today he and his Party would have been in the government again if he had not fallen into the trap of Navin Ramgoolam to torpedo the Remake 2000 which was heading headlong towards a sweeping victory. Today he would have made history again with a second primeministership in the place of Pravind Jugnauth. But unfortunately! He let the idealism have the upper hand upon the realism to make him what he has become today, a mere parliamentarian.

    «Mais tout n’est pas perdu pour lui et son Parti» if he changes his tact. The Party can bounce back after its long stay in the political wilderness if there is a change from idealism to realism, especially his leader who has the last word. The MMM can find itself in the government again in an alliance with the MSM for the elections 2019/20. With a positive track record of the government at the end of its mandate, the MMM has every reason to hook up its wagon to the driving force of the MSM if it does not want to remain on the platform for another five long years.

   The realism means that MMM is condemned to hook up its wagon to the driving force of MSM if the Party does not want to drag its feet again in the political wilderness. Another alliance with the Labour Party of Navin Ramgoolam will incur the opprobrium of the electorate which dumped them «dan karo kan» in December, 2014. They will suffer the same fate if ever they come together again. As for the PMSD, it is simply a wagon in search of a driving force. Besides, the two parties (MMM/PMSD) have never got on well together.

   Therefore the only locomotive available for the elections 2019/20 is the MSM. Bérenger must come to terms with that reality if he wants to end up his political career with a flourish. «C’est à lui de faire le bon choix entre le corbillard et le convoi nuptial.» With an economic recovery, full employment along with an effective law and order, there is no doubt that the electorate will renew the mandate of the government. This is what the country needs, no more, no less. With a positive track record, a renewal of the government’s mandate seems quite obvious. You don’t change a winning team, but you can inject new blood into it. With the accommodation of the MMM (MSM/MMM), the government will simply be unbeatable for the elections 2019/20.

    As a prelude to this accommodation, it is in the interest of the government, if it will not enter into the by-election fray, to give a tacit support to the MMM candidate to help her win the election.

    Anyhow, let us hope that Bérenger along with his Party has learnt a lesson from their mismatch in December, 2014. Let us hope also that the government will take the MMM on board if it wants to win the General Elections 2019/20 hands down to complete the realization of all its dreams. An alliance (MMM/MSM) in 2019/20 will bulldoze all their opponents. With a new mandate with the MMM on board, the country will undergo an unprecedented transformation.

    «Maintenant reste à savoir comment les deux partis (le gouvernement du jour et le MMM) vont accorder leurs violions» if ever a common ground is found.

   Otherwise any mismatch on the part of the Party’s leadership will inevitably spell another disaster for the Party of Ton Polo.

Continue Reading

Trending