As per the MPI Index (Multidimensional Poverty Index) released by the United Nations Development Programme, India has brought 271 million people out of poverty in the decade between 2005-06 and 2015-16. As per the report, the poverty rate has reduced to half, over the 10-year duration.
Out of the 104 countries for which the MPI 2018 is calculated, the report found that close to 1.3 billion people live in the multidimensional poverty. About 46 percent of these 1.3 billion people are suffering from severe poverty and face extreme deprivations.
MPI Index is an index which takes into account, deprivations in health, education and living standards. India has taken major strides in reducing the multidimensional poverty from 54.7 percent to 27.5 percent as per the key findings of the MPI.
In addition to the above data the report states “despite the massive gains made in reducing multidimensional poverty, 364 million Indians continue to experience acute deprivations in health, nutrition, schooling, and sanitation. Just over one in four multidimensionally poor people in India are under ten years of age.”
Congress leader and former finance minister P Chidambaram pointed out that the major period cited in the report mainly falls under the UPA government. Out of the 10 years stated in the report, UPA was in the rule for 8 years.
The MPI measures multiple deprivations in the same households in terms of education, nutrition, health and living standards, schooling, cooking fuel, electricity, drinking water and a few other elements. The section of people facing deprivations in at least one-third of the MPI’s components is termed as multi-dimensionally poor.
One of the key findings of the report is that 156 million people out of the 364 million who are multidimensionally poor, are children. About 196 million people, out of the total multidimensionally poor people, live in the four states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh while Delhi, Goa, and Kerala have lowest occurrences of multidimensional poverty.
Out of the various states of India, Jharkhand has seen the best improvement followed by Andhra Pradesh. Bihar still stands out to be the poorest state in 2015-16 as half of the population of Bihar is still in poverty.
The report also compared India’s speedy recovery with China who also made a decent reduction in poverty over a long period of 20 years.